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India General Information

India General Information

India Map

India lies in south Asia, between Pakistan, China and Nepal. To the north it is bordered by the world’s highest mountain chain.

The capital of India is New Delhi, and the country largest cities are Mumbai (formerly Bombay), Delhi, and Kolkata (formerly Calcutta).

India is the seventh largest country in the world.

India’s population is one billion making it the second most populous country after China.

India is the largest democracy (Government by the people, like the UK is) in the world.

India is mainly an agricultural country, though it also has a large iron and steel industry and produces every type of manufactured goods.

India is in Southern Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal, between Burma and Pakistan

Map of India
Geographic coordinates: 20 00 N, 77 00 E

Area:
total: 3,287,590 sq km
land: 2,973,190 sq km
water: 314,400 sq km
Capital City: New Delhi

About 13 million people live in the capital, New Delhi.

Population: 1,065,070,607 (July 2004 est.)

India’s population is one billion (one thousand million), making it the second most populous country after China. It is more than three times the population of the United States though its area is only about one-third.

Languages:
17 major languages, 844 dialectsThe languages of India belong to several language families, the major ones being the Indo-European languages Indo-Aryan (spoken by 72% of Indians) and the Dravidian languages (spoken by 25% of Indians). Other languages spoken in India belong to the Austro-Asiatic, Tibeto-Burman, and a few minor language families and isolates.

The principal official language of the Republic of India is Standard Hindi, while English is the secondary official language.The constitution of India states that "The official language of the Union shall be Hindi in Devanagari script."Neither the Constitution of India nor Indian law specifies a national language, a position supported by a High Court ruling.However, languages listed in the Eighth Schedule of the Indian constitution are sometimes referred to, without legal standing, as the national languages of India.

Religion:
The two main religions are Hinduism (80%) and the Muslim religion (10%) but there are also small numbers of Buddhists, Christians, Sikhs, Parsees and Jains.

Climate:
The Climate in India varies from tropical monsoon in south to temperate in north

Government:
Federal republic

Head of State:
President A.P.J. Abdul Kalam
Head of Government:
Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh

Trekking in India

Manali Ladakh Trekking

Manali Ladakh Trekking

23 Days

Markha Valley Trekking

Markha Valley Trekking

14 Days

Darjeeling Sandakphu Trekking

Darjeeling Sandakphu Trekking

09 Days

Across Zanskar Trek

Across Zanskar Trek

14 Days

India Travel Guide

India General Information

India General Information