Nepal is one of the richest countries in the world in terms of bio-diversity, due to its unique geographical position and attitudinal variation. The elevation of the country ranges from 60 m above sea level to the highest point on earth, Mt. Everest at 8,848 m, all within a distance of 150 km resulting into climatic conditions from sub-tropical to arctic. Nepal is a multi-lingual, multi-ethnic, multi-cultural and multi-religious country.
Nepal has more than 27 million population and over one hundred castes/ethnic and religious groups and ninety-two mother tongues, as per the latest census conducted in 2001. Nepal is called a sandwiched between two countries, India in the south, east and west and China in the north. It is the country of high Himalayan, mountains, artistic monuments and exotic wildlife. It offers a fantastic array of attractions for visiting tourists.
Nepal is best known as the home of Mount Everest, the highest mountain on earth. Furthermore, there is much more to offer than just one mountain, from jungle to steamy jungles of the plains to the highest point on earth the range of scenery is such a diverse and spectacular which offer an unforgettable experience to those who would like to venture out into the hills, therefore, it is also called the ‘Land of Paradise’ for tourists, treks and mountaineering expeditions. The famous Himalayan range, favorable climate, the hospitality of the Nepalese people and their cultural tours, the natural landscapes, trekking in Nepal, hiking in Nepal, jungle safari, bird watching, white water rafting, glacial lakes, forests and wild animals are the major attractions.
The people of Nepal are a cosmopolitan mixture of many different ethnic groups. The world renowned traveler writers have well admired to this country, as it has the most exhilarating titles in recognition of the cultural richness, like, living cultural museum, Shangri-La, roof of the world, Birth place of the apostle of peace, country of living goddess, city of Golden pagodas and parasols, Himalayan pilgrimage, nature amphitheatre, melting pot of Hinduism and Buddhism, a tiny kingdom of over 100 of ethnic groups and over120 spoken languages, birth place of Sita, Abode of Shiva, land of Mysticism and exoticism, and of non-stop festival etc. therefore, the experience for the visitors to Nepal is unlike that to be found anywhere else. These are the explicit and self-explanatory. They tell to the world about the incomparable and prosperous cultural heritage of ‘Nepal’.
Nepal occupying only 0.1 percent of the total landmass of the earth is home to.
2 percent of all the flowering plants in the world
8 percent of the world population of birds (more than 848 species)
4 percent of mammals on earth
11 of the world 15 families of butterflies (more than 500 species)
600 indigenous plant families
319 species of exotic orchid